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How to copy unicode HTML code to the clipboard in html format, so it can be pasted into Writer, Word etc.

Several articles show working code to copy an html structure to the clipboard registering as HTML Format (so it can be pasted in a word processor - rendered - instead of pasting the html code).

This is my small contribution, just changing slightly the works you find in references, to also support fully unicode text, i.e. cyrillic copy and paste.


procedure TPHTML.CopyHTMLToClipBoardUnicode(const str, htmlStr: string);

/// Attempting to get real unicode to work.
/// Альма матер, альма матер, легкая лаDдья.

/// Works fine with Delphi 2010+ and accepts unicode text. But if you try to copy Unicode
/// characters which do not have an ASCII representation, they will not be copied.

/// Riccardo Zorn www.tmg.it
///

//The second parameter is optional and is put into the clipboard as CF_HTML.
//Function can be used standalone or in conjunction with the VCL clipboard so long as
//you use the USEVCLCLIPBOARD conditional define
//($define USEVCLCLIPBOARD}
//(and clipboard.open, clipboard.close).
//Code from http://www.lorriman.com
// http://it.w3support.net/index.php?db=so&id=1114883


// If you've ever tried sticking html into the clipboard using the usual CF_TEXT
// format then you might have been disappointed to discover that wysiwyg html
// editors paste your offering as if it were just text,
// rather than recognising it as html. For that you need the CF_HTML format.
// CF_HTML is entirely text format and uses the transformation format UTF-8.
// It includes a description, a context, and within the context, the fragment.
//
// As you may know one can place multiple items of data onto the clipboard for
// a single clipboard entry, which means that the same data can be pasted in a
// variety of different formats in order to cope with target
// applications of varying sophistocation.
//
// The following example shows how to stick CF_TEXT (and CF_HTML)
// into the clipboard.

//The second parameter is optional and is put into the clipboard as CF_HTML.
//Function can be used standalone or in conjunction with the VCL clipboard so long as
//you use the USEVCLCLIPBOARD conditional define
//($define USEVCLCLIPBOARD}
//(and clipboard.open, clipboard.close).
//Code from http://www.lorriman.com

function FormatHTMLClipboardHeader(HTMLText: string): string;
const
CrLf = #13#10;
begin
Result := 'Version:0.9' + CrLf;
Result := Result + 'StartHTML:-1' + CrLf;
Result := Result + 'EndHTML:-1' + CrLf;

Result := Result + 'StartFragment:^^^^^^' + CrLf;
Result := Result + 'EndFragment:°°°°°°' + CrLf;

Result := StringReplace(Result, '^^^^^^', Format('%.6d', [Length(Result)*SizeOf(Char)]), []);

Result := Result + HTMLText + CrLf;
Result := StringReplace(Result, '°°°°°°', Format('%.6d', [Length(Result)*SizeOf(Char)]), []);
end;


var
gMem: HGLOBAL;
lp: PChar;
Strings: array[0..1] of UTF8String;
Formats: array[0..1] of UINT;
i: Integer;
begin
gMem := 0;
{$IFNDEF USEVCLCLIPBOARD}
Win32Check(OpenClipBoard(0));
{$ENDIF}
try
//most descriptive first as per api docs
Strings[0] := FormatHTMLClipboardHeader(htmlStr);
Strings[1] := str;
Formats[0] := RegisterClipboardFormat('HTML Format');
Formats[1] := CF_UNICODETEXT;
{$IFNDEF USEVCLCLIPBOARD}
Win32Check(EmptyClipBoard);
{$ENDIF}
for i := 0 to High(Strings) do
begin
if Strings[i] = '' then Continue;
//an extra "1" for the null terminator
gMem := GlobalAlloc(GMEM_DDESHARE + GMEM_MOVEABLE, (Length(Strings[i])+1)*sizeOf(Char));
{Succeeded, now read the stream contents into the memory the pointer points at}
try
Win32Check(gmem <> 0);
lp := GlobalLock(gMem);
Win32Check(lp <> nil);
CopyMemory(lp, PChar(Strings[i]), (Length(Strings[i])+1)*sizeOf(Char));
finally
GlobalUnlock(gMem);
end;
Win32Check(gmem <> 0);
SetClipboardData(Formats[i], gMem);
Win32Check(gmem <> 0);
gmem := 0;
end;
finally
{$IFNDEF USEVCLCLIPBOARD}
Win32Check(CloseClipBoard);
{$ENDIF}
end;
end;

 

References:

Torry, working version in non-unicode Delphis

http://www.swissdelphicenter.ch/torry/showcode.php?id=1391

StackOverflow, working version in D2009 with no unicode support

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1114883/how-do-i-put-some-formatted-text-into-the-clipboard

Using the clipboard (MSDN)

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms649016%28v=VS.85%29.aspx#_win32_Registering_a_Clipboard_Format

CF_HTML

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa767917%28v=vs.85%29.aspx

Delphi Unicode migration tips

http://edn.embarcadero.com/article/38693